What You Do Not Know About the Yugoslav Wars

After the Soviet Union collapsed, the various ethnic groups that made up Yugoslavia started making plans to break away. The Greater Serbia ideology promoted by Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević triggered ethnic conflicts and the country’s breakup. In 1991, wars for independence broke out in Croatia and Slovenia respectively. In 1992, the Bosnian War began, and more than 200,000 people were killed. From 1999 to 2000, insurgencies spread through Kosovo and Macedonia. The complicated history of the “powder keg of Europe,” and the wounds of ethnic conflicts still need time to heal.

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Bosnia Revisited: Searching for Peace

Yugoslavia collapsed in 1992, and severe armed conflicts broke out in Bosnia. In the name of “ethnic cleansing,” the Serbs massacred Croatians and Bosnians in three and a half years. In 1995, the Dayton Agreement was signed, marking an end to the civil war. However, as of 2003, there were still countless remains waiting to be identified, and hundreds of rape victims waiting for justice. Will there ever be a day for the immense hatred to wane, and the wounds to mend?